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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Healthy diet linked to healthy cellular aging in women
(University of Michigan) Eating a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains and low in added sugar, sodium and processed meats could help promote healthy cellular aging in women, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Stool proteins to predict inflammatory bowel disease
(University of Houston) A University of Houston biomedical engineer is looking for new biomarkers to predict and monitor inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). With $347,490 from the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Chandra Mohan says protein biomarkers that show up in stools could indicate the disease and make examination and treatment quicker and less invasive.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Temple University Hospital performs nation's 1st post-FDA approval BLVR using Zephyr Valve
(Temple University Health System) Temple University Hospital has become the first US center to perform bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using implantation of the Zephyr® Endobronchial Valve (Zephyr® EBV®) to treat severe emphysema following US FDA approval.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Adults play a key role in children's participation in school recess, researchers suggest
(Oregon State University) When adults are participants in school recess -- leading games, monitoring play and ensuring conflicts are mediated quickly -- children are more likely to be engaged in recess activities, a new study has found.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Two molecules offer great potential to combat cancer and chronic infections
(Gladstone Institutes) In a new study published in the scientific journal PNAS, Shomyseh Sanjabi, PHD, and her team at the Gladstone Institutes identified two molecules, Sprouty 1 and Sprouty 2, that modify the survival of effector T cells and the development of memory CD8 T cells. Their findings offer promising potential for immunotherapeutic strategies to combat cancer and chronic infections.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Progress toward plugging an antibiotic pump
(DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) Using computer modeling, researchers from Sandia National Laboratories and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are helping to develop the means to prevent deaths from infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Poor sleep + type 2 diabetes = Slower wound healing
(University of Tennessee at Knoxville) People with Type 2 diabetes who don't sleep well could need more time to heal their wounds, according to a new study published by researchers from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Your office may be affecting your health
(University of Arizona) New UA-led research found that open office seating arrangements offer health benefits not seen in workers in cubicles or private offices.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Impact of osteoporosis on the risk of dementia in almost 60,000 patients
(IOS Press) Osteoporosis is estimated to affect 200 million women across the world. In Germany, the prevalence of this chronic disease among people aged 50 years and older is around 15 percent. In recent decades, several authors have analyzed the impact of osteoporosis on the risk of cognitive decline, but, most of these studies have been conducted outside Europe.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Biosensor allows real-time oxygen monitoring for 'organs-on-a-chip'
(North Carolina State University) A new biosensor allows researchers to track oxygen levels in real time in 'organ-on-a-chip' systems, making it possible to ensure that such systems more closely mimic the function of real organs. This is essential if organs-on-a-chip hope to achieve their potential in applications such as drug and toxicity testing.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Global surgeons provide value through innovation, professionalism, and education
(American College of Surgeons) A new position paper from the Association of Academic Surgeons (AAS) Global Affairs Committee, the Society of University Surgeons Committee on Global Academic Surgery, and the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Operation Giving Back (OGB) program contends that surgeons from AHCs have much to gain, including professional education, research experience, and an opportunity to enhance their institution's reputation when AHCs support academic global surgeons from their institutions.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Study details effect of radiation exposure on hormone deficiencies
(University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center) In a new study, University of Cincinnati (UC) researchers, in collaboration with Massachusetts General Hospital, have detailed the effect of radiation exposure on the development of hormone deficiency in pediatric and young adult patients treated for brain tumors.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Love vine sucks life from wasps, leaving only mummies
(Rice University) Rice University evolutionary biologists have discovered a new trophic interaction -- the first example of a parasitic plant attacking a parasitic insect on a shared host plant. The find is detailed this week in Current Biology and could point to new methods for controlling agricultural pests and perhaps fighting cancer.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Biological engineers discover new antibiotic candidates
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Researchers from MIT and the University of Naples Federico II found that fragments of the protein pepsinogen, an enzyme used to digest food in the stomach, can kill bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli. Such peptides could potentially be developed as new antibiotics.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
New research reveals how the body clock controls inflammation
(RCSI) Researchers at RCSI and Trinity College Dublin have revealed insights into how the body clock controls the inflammatory response, which may open up new therapeutic options to treat excess inflammation in conditions such as asthma, arthritis and cardiovascular disease.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Bioengineered tooth replacement opens doors to new therapies
(International & American Associations for Dental Research) Tooth loss is a significant health issue currently affecting millions of people worldwide. Two articles published in the September 2018 issue of the Journal of Dental Research share recent advances in bioengineering teeth.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Safeway Foundation grant awarded to the National Foundation for Cancer Research
(National Foundation for Cancer Research) Safeway Foundation grant awarded to the National Foundation for Cancer Research; Resources will allow for expansion of services to cancer patients.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
New medical specialty needed to manage growing number of Americans with diabetes
(American Osteopathic Association) Fourteen years after one-year fellowship programs were created to give primary care physicians the clinical skills to better manage diabetes and its complications, new research in the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association finds resistance among payers and other physicians may slow growth of the fledgling specialty.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
The 5th Annual Aging and Drug Discovery Forum at the Basel Life Conference 2018
(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Insilico Medicine will present the latest insights into the biomarkers of aging at the 5th Annual Aging Research for Drug Discovery Forum in Basel, Switzerland, Sept. 12-13, 2018.  The 5th Annual Aging and Drug Discovery Forum will cover the latest progress in aging and longevity in the context of drug discovery.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Listeria surveillance: New EU-wide study reveals that most outbreaks remain undetected
(European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) ) More than half of the severe listeriosis cases in the European Union belong to clusters, many of which are not being picked up fast enough by the current surveillance system, suggests a new article published in Eurosurveillance. The large-scale study looked into listeriosis epidemiology through whole genome sequencing and found that this method, when implemented at EU-level, could lead to faster detection of multi-country outbreaks, saving up to five months of the investigations.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
BU researcher receives DoD grant to study TBI, military service in AD
(Boston University School of Medicine) BU researcher receives three-year, $1.2 million DoD grant to study impact of TBI and military service on Alzheimer's disease and related disorders.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Blood management program safely reduces transfusions in orthopedic patients
(American Society of Anesthesiologists) A patient blood management program designed to limit the amount of transfused blood orthopedic patients undergoing common surgeries such as hip and knee replacement receive was associated with fewer transfusions, reduced blood use and improved outcomes, reports a study published in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
New study explains why genetic mutations cause disease in some people but not in others
(New York Genome Center) Researchers at the New York Genome Center (NYGC) and Columbia University have uncovered a molecular mechanism behind one of biology's long-standing mysteries: why individuals carrying identical gene mutations for a disease end up having varying severity or symptoms of the disease. The study has exciting implications for future prediction of the severity of serious diseases such as cancer and autism spectrum disorder.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Gene therapy vectors carrying the telomerase gene do not increase the risk of cancer
(Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncológicas (CNIO)) Researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) have shown in a new study that the gene therapy with telomerase that they have developed, and which has proven to be effective in mice against diseases caused by excessive telomere shortening and aging, does not cause cancer or increase the risk of developing it, even in a cancer-prone setting.

08/20/2018 12:00 AM
Proposal seeks to improve assessment of drug risks
(North Carolina State University) A drug policy researcher is proposing a suite of changes to overhaul the Multi-Criteria Drug Harm Scale, which informs drug policies across Europe. The changes focus on addressing use and abuse separately, collecting input from a broader range of stakeholders, and targeting substance-specific experts for drug review panels.

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