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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Researchers adapt cell phone camera for SARS-CoV-2 detection
(Cell Press) Researchers have developed an assay that can detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in a nasal swab using a device attached to an ordinary smartphone, they report December 4 in the journal Cell. Although more research is needed before such a test can be rolled out, the results are promising and ultimately may be applicable to screening more broadly for other viruses.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Mailman School experts contribute to new Lancet report on health and climate change
(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) Unless we take urgent action to tackle climate change, we can expect an ever-hotter world that threatens global health, disrupts lives and livelihoods and overwhelms healthcare systems, according to The Lancet's Global Countdown on Health and Climate Change, a comprehensive global analysis tracking the impact of climate change on human health across 41 key indicators.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Research reveals how airflow inside a car may affect COVID-19 transmission risk
(Brown University) A new study uses computer simulations to track airflows inside a car's passenger cabin, providing potential strategies -- some of them counterintuitive -- for reducing the risk of transmitting airborne diseases.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
UAB startup company receives FDA clearance for liver imaging software
(University of Alabama at Birmingham) AI Metrics, LLC, a medical imaging startup focused on leveraging artificial intelligence to improve patient care, has received United States Food and Drug Administration 510(k) clearance and CE mark clearance for the company's Liver Surface Nodularity software.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
First in nation treatment for chronic subdural hematoma at Los Robles Health System
(Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center) Los Robles Health System is leading the way in neurovascular clinical trials. Interventional neurologist, Dr. Asif Taqi, is the principal investigator of the STEM Study, a landmark trial that can change the management of chronic subdural hematomas completely. Los Robles enrolled and treated the first patient in the nation into this trial.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Once hospitalized, Black patients with COVID-19 have lower risk of death than white
(NYU Langone Health / NYU School of Medicine) While multiple research studies show that Black and Hispanic patients are more likely to test positive for COVID-19, a team of investigators at NYU Langone Health has found that once hospitalized, Black patients (after controlling for other serious health conditions and neighborhood income) were less likely to have severe illness, die, or be discharged to hospice compared to White patients.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
New CRISPR-based test for COVID-19 uses a smartphone camera
(Gladstone Institutes) In a new study published in the scientific journal Cell, the team from Gladstone Institutes, UC Berkeley, and UC San Francisco has outlined the technology for a CRISPR-based test for COVID-19 that uses a smartphone camera to provide accurate results in under 30 minutes.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Virtual doctor visits are increasing, but use differs by patient race, age and insurance
(University of Chicago Medical Center) A new study published December 4, 2020, in the journal JMIR Medical Informatics examines the increase in telemedicine visits due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and recommends adopting policies that encourage virtual visits going forward.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Airflow modeling suggests driving with all windows down safest to prevent COVID-19 transmission
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) A new series of computational fluid dynamics simulations suggests that, for two people who must travel together in the same passenger car, the safest way to prevent possible transmission of COVID-19 in such a risky, enclosed environment is to do so with all four windows down and the passenger seated as far as

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Lung tissue from COVID-19 patients and others reveals promising target to treat lung fibrosis
(American Association for the Advancement of Science) An analysis of lung tissues from patients with different types of pulmonary fibrosis - including cases triggered by COVID-19 - has revealed a promising molecular target to ameliorate the chronic and irreversible disease. Experiments in mouse models of lung fibrosis showed that administering blockers of

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Riding in a car in the pandemic: which windows to open?
(University of Massachusetts Amherst) If you find yourself in a car with someone outside your household during the COVID-19 pandemic, your instinct may be to roll down your window, whether you're the driver or a back-seat passenger. But a University of Massachusetts Amherst physicist has shown in a new study that opening the car window closest to you isn't always the best option to protect yourself from coronavirus or any airborne infection.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Hidden structure found in essential metabolic machinery
(Rice University) Rice University biochemists have discovered membrane-divided subcompartments within organelles called peroxisomes, essential pieces of metabolic machinery for all higher order life from yeast to humans. The research appears this week in Nature Communications.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
RUDN University medics created a wound-healing gel with metabolic products of trichoderma
(RUDN University) Researchers from the Department of Biochemistry of RUDN University developed a wound-healing gel based on a substance that is produced by Trichoderma fungi.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Autologous chondrocyte implantation in the knee: M-ACI has comparable benefit to therapy alternative
(Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care) Only matrix-induced ACI (M-ACI) shows a benefit that is at least comparable to that of therapy alternatives. This was not shown for other ACI procedures.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
BIDMC researchers define immune system's requirements for protection against COVID-19
(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) In a new paper in the journal Nature, BIDMC researchers shed light on the role of antibodies and immune cells in protection against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, in rhesus macaques.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Researchers discover new particle in the blood of septic patients
(La Jolla Institute for Immunology) Researchers at La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) have found that people with sepsis have never-before-seen particles in their blood. The scientists are the first to show that these particles, called elongated neutrophil-derived structures (ENDS), break off of immune cells and change their shape as they course through the body.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Secukinumab in children with plaque psoriasis: Study unsuitable for benefit assessment
(Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care) Secukinumab in children with plaque psoriasis: study unsuitable for benefit assessmentThe comparator group was not treated appropriately. Firstly, therapy in this group remained unchanged despite non-response, and secondly, it was continued for longer than approved.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
COVID-19 pandemic responsible for decrease in hepatitis C testing
(Boston Medical Center) New research from Boston Medical Center finds that the COVID-19 emergency systemic changes made to decrease in-person visits during the pandemic have led to a decrease in hospital-wide Hepatitis C (HCV) testing by 50 percent, and a reduction in new HCV diagnoses by more than 60 percent.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
nTIDE November 2020 Jobs Report: Americans with disabilities remain engaged in labor force
(Kessler Foundation) 'For people with disabilities, the labor force participation rate showed a small gain compared to last month and is only slightly below this time last year,' noted economist Andrew Houtenville, Ph.D. 'This is good news long-term and suggests people with disabilities are staying engaged in the workforce by either working, actively looking for work, or expecting to be recalled. With employment increasing, this improvement signals that people with disabilities are entering or reentering the labor force.'

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Researchers urge priority vaccination for individuals with diabetes
(Vanderbilt University Medical Center) Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers have discovered individuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes infected with COVID-19 are three times more likely to have a severe illness or require hospitalization compared with people without diabetes.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Digital breast tomosynthesis improves invasive cancer detection
(Radiological Society of North America) Breast cancer screening with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) offers significant advantages over digital mammography, including improved cancer detection and lower false negative rates, according to a new study.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
LSU Health conducts first study on neighborhood deprivation and COVID in Louisiana
(Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center) A study by researchers at LSU Health New Orleans School of Public Health, believed to be the first study to investigate the role of neighborhood deprivation on COVID-19 in Louisiana, found that the more a neighborhood is deprived, the higher the risk for cases of COVID-19. They report that people living in the most deprived neighborhoods had an almost 40% higher risk of COVID-19 compared to those residing in the least deprived neighborhoods.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
New study debunks blood type diet
(Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine) A study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics by researchers with the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine -- a nonprofit of 12,000 doctors -- debunks the 'blood type diet' by finding that blood type was not associated with the effects of a plant-based diet on body weight, body fat, plasma lipid concentrations, or glycemic control.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
NIH researchers link cases of ALS and FTD to a Huntington's disease-associated mutation
(NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) A study led by researchers at the National Institutes of Health has made a surprising connection between frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), two disorders of the nervous system, and the genetic mutation normally understood to cause Huntington's disease. This large, international project, which included a collaboration between the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and the National Institute on Aging (NIA), opens a potentially new avenue for diagnosing and treating some individuals with FTD or ALS.

12/04/2020 12:00 AM
Grant boosts Louisiana children's access to clinical trials
(Pennington Biomedical Research Center) A new $2.1 million federal grant will give more of Louisiana's children access to cutting-edge health research while training young scientists in pediatric research.

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