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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Press registration now open for Nutrition 2019
(American Society for Nutrition) Reporters and bloggers are invited to attend Nutrition 2019, the flagship meeting of the American Society for Nutrition. The meeting will be held June 8-11, 2019 at the Baltimore Convention Center. #Nutrition2019 is your source for high-quality nutrition research and news. Register for a complimentary press pass or follow along virtually to get the latest scientific findings and explore their implications for practice, policy and industry.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Russian researchers made gold nano-stars for intracellular delivery
(AKSON Russian Science Communication Association) Researchers from Russian Academy of Sciences developed a new method for star-shaped nanoparticles synthesis based on laser irradiation. A wide range of customizable conditions provides an opportunity to create comfortable environment for various substances delivery to different types of cells. The results are published in Journal of Biophotonics. The research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
EEG helps scientists predict epileptic seizures minutes in advance
(UT Southwestern Medical Center) Study shows that acetate, an acid found in some foods, may help doctors intervene when seizures are imminent.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
New insight on potent HIV antibody could improve vaccine design
(Duke University Medical Center) A new observation, led by researchers at the Duke Human Vaccine Institute, highlights the importance of previously unstudied mutations that arises early in bnAbs, giving the antibodies the flexibility to adapt to changes in the virus's outer envelope protein structure. This flexibility enables the antibody to dock on diverse strains of the virus and more potently neutralize them.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Salt could be a key factor in allergic immune reactions
(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Salt apparently affects allergic immune reactions. A team working with Professor Christina Zielinski at the Technical University of Munich has demonstrated in cell cultures that salt leads to the formation of Th2 cells. These immune cells are active in allergic conditions such as atopic dermatitis. The team also detected elevated salt concentrations in the skin of patients.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Advances in naturopathy research reported in new special issue of JACM
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) Naturopathy, or 'naturopathic medicine' as the profession is branded in the United States, is a rapidly growing profession and scientifically advancing form of practice that can have a positive impact on a wide variety of chronic and complex conditions.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Vigorous exercise, fasting, hormones improve elimination of toxic, misfolded, unnecessary proteins in mouse and human cells
(Harvard Medical School) A new study shows vigorous exercise and fasting improve the ability of human and mouse cells to remove misfolded, toxic, unnecessary proteins. The findings reveal a previously unknown mechanism that activates the cells' protein-disposal machinery, allowing them to adapt their protein content to shifting demands and new conditions.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Researchers find genetic clues to high rates of asthma in those of African ancestry
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) In the largest study of its kind, researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found new clues into the parts of the human genome associated with the higher rates of asthma in those of African ancestry.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Nitisinone increases melanin in people with albinism
(NIH/National Eye Institute) A small pilot clinical study at the National Eye Institute (NEI) suggests that the drug nitisinone increases melanin production in some people with oculocutaneous albinism type 1B (OCA-1B), a rare genetic disease that causes pale skin and hair and poor vision. Increased melanin could help protect people with the condition against the sun's UV rays and promote the development of normal vision.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Ben-Gurion U. develops new AI platform for ALS care
(American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev) Having a reliable personalized prediction platform could improve patient care and quality of life for many patients and their caregivers. The new AI platform could also improve clinical trial design by identifying markers for various patient sub-populations' treatment.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Viruses that linger in the gut could trigger type 1 diabetes
(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) Researchers at the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, provide new evidence supporting an association between elevated levels of enteroviruses in the intestinal tracts of children and islet autoimmunity, a precursor to type 1 diabetes. The paper appears in the journal Scientific Reports.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
New therapeutic approach to combat African sleeping sickness
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) Scientists working in a range of disciplines joined forces to identify a new approach to combat African sleeping sickness. Fundamental research undertaken under the supervision of Professor Ute Hellmich of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) has revealed a promising strategy to develop a suitable agent.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Yale New Haven becomes first in Connecticut to perform pediatric heart transplants
(Yale University) Yale New Haven Children's Hospital today announced that it has become the first hospital in Connecticut and Rhode Island to receive certification from the United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) to perform pediatric heart transplants. UNOS serves as the nation's Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network under federal contract.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
BU awarded NIH grant to support student research
(Boston University School of Medicine) Boston University School of Medicine has been awarded a five-year, $482,400 T35 grant from the National Institutes of Health to bolster the development of physician-scientists.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Can a nerve injury trigger ALS?
(University of Illinois at Chicago) Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago are the first to demonstrate that a peripheral nerve injury can trigger the onset and spread of the disease in an animal model of ALS.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
The 'blue' in blueberries can help lower blood pressure
(King's College London) A new study published in the Journal of Gerontology Series A has found that eating 200g of blueberries every day for a month can lead to an improvement in blood vessel function and a decrease in systolic blood pressure in healthy people.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
New method to detect cancer cells faster, potentially improving outcomes
(Purdue University) A new Purdue University technique to analyze proteins expressed on cancer cells shows promise in more rapidly detecting these cell types in patients.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
For patients with schizophrenia, some drug combinations may be more effective than others
(Columbia University Irving Medical Center) Patients with schizophrenia are often treated with more than one type of psychiatric medication, but a new study suggests that some combinations may be more effective than others.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Bat influenza viruses could infect humans
(University of Zurich) Bats don't only carry the deadly Ebola virus, but are also a reservoir for a new type of influenza virus. These newly discovered flu viruses could potentially also attack the cells of humans and livestock, researchers at the University of Zurich have now shown.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Protecting small forests fails to protect bird biodiversity
(Rutgers University) Simply protecting small forests will not maintain the diversity of the birds they support over the long run, a Rutgers-led study says. Forests need to be carefully monitored and managed to maintain their ecological integrity.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
European Geosciences Union meeting: Program online, press conferences
(European Geosciences Union) The program for the 2019 General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union (EGU) is now online. Among over 1,000 sessions, it features a Union symposium on climate tipping points and a session on science, politics and European (dis)integration featuring Mario Monti. In this year's press conferences, journalists can find out where scientists are planning to drill for the oldest ice on Earth, what the latest research on plastic pollution is, and much more.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Crocodile face off
(Harvard University) Despite often being portrayed as creatures that have remained virtually unchanged for millions of years, a new Harvard study shows crocodiles have repeatedly altered their developmental patterns, leading to much of the diversity found in modern, living crocodiles.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Introducing the AGA Future Leaders Class of 2020
(American Gastroenterological Association) The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has announced the third class of its Future Leaders Program, which was created in 2015 to provide a pathway for leadership development within AGA for early career physicians and scientists who have the potential to make a significant impact on the specialty.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Study finds melanoma brain metastases are immunosuppressive with treatment-resistant metabolism
(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) Melanoma tumors that have spread to the brain are equipped to thwart immunotherapies and targeted therapies that succeed against tumors growing in other sites. Researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report in Cancer Discovery that the heavy reliance of these tumors on a specific metabolic pathway presents a potentially new therapeutic against these lethal tumors.

02/20/2019 12:00 AM
Antibody therapy training phagocytes to destroy tumors now tested on patients
(University of Turku) Developed by researchers at the University of Turku in Finland, an immunotherapeutic antibody therapy re-educates macrophages to activate passivated cytotoxic T cells to kill cancer. The antibody therapy prevented the growth of tumours in several mouse models. The development of the therapy has now progressed to patient testing in a phase I/II clinical trial.

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