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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Researchers reach milestone in use of nanoparticles to kill cancer with heat
(Oregon State University) Researchers have developed an improved technique for using magnetic nanoclusters to kill hard-to-reach tumors.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Unexpected mechanism allows CaMKII to decode calcium signaling in the brain
(Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience) A new study from researchers at Max Planck Florida Institute for Neuroscience (MPFI) has shed light on the unexpected mechanism that allows calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase, or CaMKII, to decode and translate calcium signaling in the brain. Using advanced imaging techniques and novel biosensors, Ryohei Yasuda, Ph.D. and his team have revealed new insights into CaMKII's activity at the single synapse level.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
University at Buffalo scientist receives federal grant for "Jewels in Our Genes" follow up
(University at Buffalo) Study will provide evidence for whether other genes not yet discovered are related to familial breast cancer risk in African Americans.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
ALS patients may benefit from more glucose
(University of Arizona) A new study led by scientists at the UA has uncovered a potential new way to treat patients with ALS, a debilitating neurodegenerative disease.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Tool dearches EHR data to find child leukemia patients for clinical studies
(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) Researchers who analyzed data in the electronic health records of children seen by hematology/oncology specialists at three large medical centers have developed an algorithm to accurately identify appropriate pediatric oncology patients for future clinical studies. By expediting and refining the selection of patients for research, the researchers aim to ultimately improve outcomes for a variety of pediatric cancers

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Educational art exhibit shows promise in improving public's knowledge about hot flashes
(Indiana University) Can art impact public perceptions of menopausal hot flashes and women affected by them? According to an Indiana University School of Nursing expert, yes.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Interdisciplinary approach decreases broad spectrum antibiotic usage
(Association for Professionals in Infection Control) An interdisciplinary approach to antimicrobial stewardship involving comprehensive blood culture identification (BCID) testing decreased broad spectrum antibiotic use, according to new research presented last week in Philadelphia at the 46th Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
New female external catheter technology reduces CAUTI by 50%
(Association for Professionals in Infection Control) Hospital-wide introduction of new female external catheter technology halved the number of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) according to new research presented last week in Philadelphia at the 46th Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
A hidden truth: Hospital faucets are often home to slime and biofilm
(Association for Professionals in Infection Control) Hand hygiene is a critical component of infection prevention in hospitals, but the unintended consequences include water splashing out of a sink to spread contaminants from dirty faucets according to new research presented last week in Philadelphia at the 46th Annual Conference of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
How to help patients recover after a stroke
(National Research University Higher School of Economics) The existing approach to brain stimulation for rehabilitation after a stroke does not take into account the diversity of lesions and the individual characteristics of patients' brains. This was the conclusion made by researchers of the Higher School of Economics (HSE University) and the Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Sciences in their article, 'Predicting the Response to Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation in Stroke'.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
UTA urban studies experts creating 'vision for growth' for Fort Worth's medical district
(University of Texas at Arlington) Urban studies researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington are constructing a strategic development plan for Fort Worth's Medical Innovation District.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Genetically modified virus combats prostate cancer
(Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) In a study with mice, a gene therapy developed in Brazil kills cancer cells and avoids adverse side effects when combined with chemotherapy.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
New knowledge on the development of asthma
(Karolinska Institutet) Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have studied which genes are expressed in overactive immune cells in mice with asthma-like inflammation of the airways. Their results, which are published in the journal Immunity, suggest that the synthesis and breakdown of fats plays an important part in the process.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Study questions success of health intervention currently used in developing countries
(Carnegie Mellon University) In the early 20th century, researchers in Massachusetts studied the first community-based health intervention in the world, the Framingham Health and Tuberculosis Demonstration, deeming it highly successful in controlling tuberculosis (TB) and reducing mortality. Now a new study has concluded that the effort was not as successful as initially thought, and suggests that the intervention cannot be cited as evidence for the success of health policies in the era before antibiotics became available.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Scientists developing way to help premature babies breathe easier
(Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center) Researchers suggest a possible cell-based therapy to stimulate lung development in fragile premature infants who suffer from a rare condition called Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD), which in the most severe cases can lead to lifelong breathing problems and even death. Scientists report in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine they studied genetic signatures in donated human neonatal lungs by using single-cell RNA sequencing analysis and mouse models of BPD.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Academic reviewers to now more easily receive credit for their work
(PLOS) PLOS today announced that its collaboration with ORCID now includes credit for reviewers. For more than 5 years, PLOS authors have used ORCID to make their professional lives easier. Now reviewers at PLOS can take advantage of the same benefits to track their contributions, claim credit, and build up their research profiles.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
A better way to encapsulate islet cells for diabetes treatment
(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT researchers have come up with a novel way to prevent fibrosis, which can lead to rejection of implantable medical devices, by incorporating a crystallized immunosuppressant drug into the devices. After implantation, the drug is slowly and locally secreted to dampen the immune response in the area immediately surrounding the device for a period of years.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Research advances smartphone solution for diagnostic testing in remote rural areas
(Simon Fraser University) A Simon Fraser University researcher is developing a unique way to take advantage of a smartphone's camera in a bid to help women in rural areas access information about their reproductive health.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Learning from experience is all in the timing
(Rockefeller University) Animals learn the hard way which sights, sounds, and smells are relevant to survival. New research in flies shows that the timing of these cues plays an important role in how mental associations arise, and elucidates brain pathways involved in this process.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Immune damage may explain ineffectiveness of high-dose radiation against lung cancer
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) study finds 14.3 month vs. 28.2 month median survival for high- vs. low-dose radiation in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Long delays prescribing new antibiotics hinder market for needed drugs
(University of Wisconsin-Madison) US hospitals wait over a year on average to begin prescribing newly developed antibiotics, a delay that might threaten the supply or discourage future development of needed drugs, according to a University of Wisconsin-Madison study.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
What made humans 'the fat primate'?
(Duke University) How did humans get to be so much fatter than our closest primate relatives, despite sharing 99% of the same DNA? A new study suggests that part of the answer may have to do with an ancient molecular shift in how DNA is packaged inside fat cells, which curbed our body's ability to turn 'bad' white fat into 'good' brown fat.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Can Facebook improve your mental health?
(Michigan State University) Contrary to popular belief, using social media and the internet regularly could improve mental health among adults and help fend off serious psychological distress, such as depression and anxiety, finds a new Michigan State University study.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Danica Chen to present at the 6th Aging Research for Drug Discovery Forum in Basel
(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Danica Chen, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Metabolic Biology, Nutritional Sciences & Toxicology at the University of California, Berkeley, to present at the 6th Aging Research for Drug Discovery Forum in Basel, Switzerland.

06/26/2019 12:00 AM
Understanding how tics are suppressed may help some at risk for tic disorders
(Washington University School of Medicine) Studying children shortly after they began experiencing tics, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis discovered that although tics don't go away, most children are able to suppress and control them. Understanding how they do that may provide insight to help others at risk for significant tic disorders.

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