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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Spit and polish: The beauty of saliva for epigenetic studies
(Bentham Science Publishers) Accounting for cell components in saliva increases the reliability of biochemical tests for experience-driven epigenetic changes.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
$2 million grant to push forward cancer research in West Texas
(Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso) A $2 million grant from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (CPRIT) will allow Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso (TTUHSC El Paso) to create a new lab focusing on breast cancer, pushing forward breast cancer research in West Texas.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Blood biomarkers may allow easier detection, confirmation of concussions
(University of California - Irvine) Researchers from the University of California, Irvine, Georgetown University and the University of Rochester have found that specific small molecules in blood plasma may be useful in determining whether someone has sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), commonly known as a concussion.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Rochester scientists discover gene controlling genetic recombination rates
(University of Rochester) Genetic recombination is vital to natural selection, yet some species display far more crossover than others. Scientists in Rochester have discovered a gene in fruit flies that is responsible for the evolution of these recombination rates.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Fight, flight, or freeze
(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) There's increasing physiological evidence connecting breathing patterns with the brain regions that control mood and emotion. Now researchers have added neurons associated with the olfactory system to the connection between behavior and breathing. Connecting patterns in these interactions may help explain why practices such as meditation and yoga that rely on rhythmic breathing can help people overcome anxiety-based illnesses.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Late, but not too late -- screening for olfactory dysfunction
(IOS Press) In a large population-based study of randomly selected participants in Germany, researchers found that participants aged 65-74 years with olfactory dysfunction showed impaired cognitive performance. Interestingly, this strong association was not present in younger (55-64 years) or older (75-86 years) participants. Additionally, the effect was more present in women than men.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
San Diego leaders, researchers announce milestone grant as Alzheimer's crisis widens
(Sanford-Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute) A coalition of brain scientists and civic leaders, including Mayor Kevin Faulconer and county supervisors Dianne Jacob and Kristin Gaspar, announced that the federal government has awarded a $1.3 million grant to Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute to advance the local search for a cure for Alzheimer's.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Selection of a pyrethroid metabolic enzyme CYP9K1 by malaria control activities
(Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine) Researchers from LSTM, with partners from a number of international institutions, have shown the rapid selection of a novel P450 enzyme leading to insecticide resistance in a major malaria vector.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Research debunks 'myth' that strenuous exercise suppresses the immune system
(University of Bath) New research suggests that rather than dampen immunity, endurance sports, like this weekend's London Marathon, can actually boost the body's ability to fight off illness.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Meditation could help anxiety and cardiovascular health
(Michigan Technological University) In a student-led study, one hour of mindfulness meditation shown to reduce anxiety and some cardiovascular risk markers.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Fat cells seem to remember unhealthy diet
(University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences) Fat cells can be damaged in a short amount of time when they are exposed to the fatty acid palmitate or the hormone TNF-alpha through a fatty diet, a new study shows. The researchers from Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research hope this new knowledge may be used to develop new preventive strategies for diabetes.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Immune diversity among the KhoeSan population
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) By analyzing genes of two distinct groups of the KhoeSan, investigators were able to find a level of diversity and divergence in immune cell repertoires much higher than identified in any other population. The findings are described in an article published this month in The Journal of Immunology.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
New microscope reveals biological life as you've never seen it before
(Boston Children's Hospital) Astronomers developed a 'guide star' adaptive optics technique to obtain the most crystal-clear and precise telescopic images of distant galaxies, stars and planets. Now a team of scientists are borrowing the very same trick. They've combined it with lattice light-sheet to create a new microscope to capture unprecedented images of biology. The work -- a collaboration between researchers at Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School -- is detailed in a new paper in Science.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
A new collaboration to maximize the benefits of radiation oncology
(European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO)) With the advent of personalized cancer medicine, patients may not always receive the most effective treatment in their particular case. A new collaboration aims to put this situation to rights.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
HKU medical chemists discover peptic ulcer treatment metallodrug effective in 'taming' superbugs
(The University of Hong Kong) A novel solution to antimicrobial resistance -- HKU medical chemists discover peptic ulcer treatment metallodrug effective in 'taming' superbugs.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Measles serious threat for babies, toddlers, unvaccinated youths, ECDC says
(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) The vast majority of measles cases in Europe were reported in unvaccinated patients, and children younger than two years old were at a higher risk of dying from measles than older patients, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID).

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
How do people die in Switzerland today?
(Université de Genève) Today, almost two thirds of deaths in Switzerland aren't unexpected. How does the cultural context specific to each linguistic region influence end-of-life decisions? Researchers from the universities of Zurich and Geneva noticed significant differences between regions. However, these differences are not always more important than those observed between these regions and the countries with which they share the same language. These results are important to help ground debates on end of life decisions on facts.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
A CNIC-coordinated project is set to receive €1 million in funding over the next 3 years
(Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares) An international research effort led by the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III will receive $1,250,000 (€1,021,250) over the next three years through an award from The International Human Frontier Science Program Organization (HFSPO). HFSPO funds frontier research projects in the life sciences, fostering collaboration between scientists from different countries (or even continents) and working in different specialties.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
A study links soil metals with cancer mortality
(FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology) Spanish epidemiologists and geologists have found associations between esophageal cancer and soils where lead is abundant, lung cancer and terrains with increased copper content, brain tumor with areas rich in arsenic, and bladder cancer with high cadmium levels. These statistical links do not indicate that there is a cause-effect relationship between soil type and cancer, but they suggest that the influence of metals from the earth's surface on the geographical distribution of tumors should be analyzed.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Treatment of cancer could become possible with adenovirus
(Umea University) An international team of researchers led by professor Niklas Arnberg at Umeå University, shows that adenovirus binds to a specific type of carbohydrate that is overexpressed on certain types of cancer cells. The discovery opens up new opportunities for the development of virus-based cancer therapy. The study is published in the latest issue of the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Lupus treatment generates positive results in Phase III clinical trial
(Wiley) New research indicates that belimumab, a monoclonal antibody therapy that targets a component of the immune system, provides considerable benefits to patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a predominately female, chronic inflammatory disease that can affect virtually any organ.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Biomarkers for irritable bowel syndrome
(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Little is still known about the exact causes of irritable bowel syndrome. An international team with significant involvement from the Technical University of Munich has provided initial clues about the organic triggers of the disease, which affects an estimated one out of six people.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Russian scientists learned to perform a diagnosis by analyzing saliva
(Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University) Researchers of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) within the framework of the Project 5-100 developed a unique method of immune diseases diagnosing before the symptoms appear. Scientists proposed a laser-correlation spectroscopic technique (also called dynamic light scattering) for studying the immune response in body fluids, for example, in saliva.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
Compound improves stroke outcome by reducing lingering inflammation
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) An experimental compound appears to improve stroke outcome by reducing the destructive inflammation that can continue months after a stroke, scientists report.Rats consuming compound 21 following a clot-based stroke -- the most common type in humans -- don't have a smaller stroke size but do have better memory and movement in its aftermath, says Dr. Adviye Ergul, vascular physiologist and Regents' Professor in the Department of Physiology at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University.

04/20/2018 12:00 AM
E. coli's internal bomb may provide novel target for treatment strategy
(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) Bacteria's internal bomb, the so-called toxin-antitoxin (TA) system that is part of the normal bacterial makeup, may be triggered to make bacteria turn on themselves, providing a valuable target for novel antimicrobial approaches in drug design, according to research presented at the 28th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID).

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