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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Health care intervention: Treating high-need, high-cost patients
(University of Houston) Patients with complex needs -- serious mental and physical health problems and substance use disorders -- flock to emergency rooms costing the health care system billions every year. A new study led by Dr. Dave Buck of the University of Houston College of Medicine suggests a nontraditional approach to these patients can significantly improve their daily functioning and health outcomes.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Is there evidence of the 'immigrant health paradox' among Arab Americans?
(Boston College) In a study published in the Journal of American Public Health, researchers find little evidence of the 'immigrant health paradox' among Arab American immigrants living in California. Lead author Nadia Abuelezam of Boston College says there is a need to intentionally collect ethnicity and racial data on Arab immigrants in order to better understand their health.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
When added to gene therapy, plant-based compound may enable faster, more effective treatments
(Scripps Research Institute) Today's standard process for administering gene therapy is expensive and time-consuming--a result of the many steps required to deliver the healthy genes into the patients' blood stem cells to correct a genetic problem. In a discovery that appears in the journal Blood, scientists at Scripps Research believe they have found a way to sidestep some of the current difficulties, resulting in a more efficient gene delivery method that would save money and improve treatment outcomes.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Training social workers in fight against opioids
(University of Texas at Arlington) According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an average of 130 Americans die each day from opioid overdoses. Thanks to a new $1.3 million grant from the U.S. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), UTA's School of Social Work will be able to train more addiction recovery specialists.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Study: First evidence of immune response targeting brain cells in autism
(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) Post-mortem analysis of brains of people with autism revealed cellular features not previously linked to autism.These cellular characteristics are consistent with an immune response targeting on the brain cells that comprise a protective barrier between brain tissues and cerebral spinal fluid.The findings lend new insight to autism's origins and suggest potential means of improved diagnosis and care of people with autism.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
A simpler way to make some medicines
(Ohio State University) Organic chemists have figured out how to synthesize the most common molecule arrangement in medicine, a scientific discovery that could change the way a number of drugs -- including one most commonly used to treat ovarian cancer -- are produced.Their discovery, published today in the journal Chem, gives drug makers a crucial building block for creating medicines that, so far, are made with complex processes that result in a lot of waste.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Parasite paralysis: A new way to fight schistosomiasis?
(Morgridge Institute for Research) Scientists at the Morgridge Institute for Research have characterized a natural chemical that paralyzes the parasite that causes schistosomiasis, offering a potential new pathway to fight the neglected tropical disease.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Male and female mice have different brain cells
(California Institute of Technology) Scientists discover that a brain region known to control sex and violence contains rare cell types that differ in male versus female mice.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Journal of Women's Health Reports launching January 2020
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers announces the launch of Journal of Women's Health Reports, a new peer-reviewed open access companion to the highly regarded Journal of Women's Health.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Research gauges neurodegeneration tied to FXTAS by measuring motor behavior
(University of Kansas) Research published in Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience by a team headquartered at the University of Kansas' Life Span Institute used a grip-force test to analyze sensorimotor function in people with the FMR1 premutation, with the aim of determining FXTAS risk and severity.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
An evolution in the understanding of evolution
(University of Virginia School of Engineering and Applied Science) In an open-source research paper, a UVA Engineering professor and her former Ph.D. student share a new, more accurate method for modeling evolutionary change.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Researchers receive $2.96M to help reduce mental health stigma among health care providers
(George Washington University) A research collaborative including the George Washington University, Transcultural Psychosocial Organization Nepal, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Epidemiology and Disease Control Division of the Ministry of Health and Population of Nepal, Duke University, and King's College London will investigate the efficacy of the RESHAPE program to reduce stigma of primary care providers toward individuals with mental illness.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Combination of AI & radiologists more accurately identified breast cancer
(NYU Langone Health / NYU School of Medicine) An artificial intelligence (AI) tool accurately identified breast cancer when combined with analysis by radiologists.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Dr. Talia Golan named recipient of the Mort and Brigitte Harris Pancreas Cancer Award
(Henry Ford Health System) The Henry Ford Pancreatic Cancer Center (HFPCC) and Henry Ford Innovation Institute have named Talia Golan, M.D., head of the Sheba Pancreatic Cancer Center, the largest pancreatic cancer care center in Israel, the recipient of the inaugural Mort and Brigitte Harris Pancreas Cancer Award, awarded to a pancreatic cancer specialist who demonstrates exceptional courage and devotion in the fight against this devastating disease.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
New insights into the structure and function of Cdc34, a target for cancer therapeutics
(Medical University of South Carolina) Medical University of South Carolina researchers report in Nature Communications they have obtained 3D structural snapshots of Cdc34 in action. Cdc34 is an enzyme important for cell cycle regulation and a target for therapeutic intervention in cancer. These structures, along with studies in human cells, have revealed key features of this enzyme important for its regulation of cell growth and activity. These unique features could present opportunities for rational design of novel cancer therapeutics.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
NIH continues support of Kent State Alzheimer's researcher with new two-year grant
(Kent State University) Since 2016, Gemma Casadesus Smith, professor of biological sciences at Kent State University, has received more than $2.7 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health to study the causes of Alzheimer's and identify models for better pharmacological treatments. A new two-year, $224,500 project allows her to pursue answers to some important questions that have arisen during those studies.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
WVU researcher studies link between caffeine, sleep and alcohol use in middle-schoolers
(West Virginia University) Research into young people's drinking habits tends to focus on high school and college students. Middle school students are rarely the subject. Yet they are 'at this critical age for substance use initiation,' according to Alfgeir Kristjansson, an associate professor in the West Virginia University School of Public Health.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Embryo's early development revealed in a dish
(Rice University) Rice University bioscientists develop a method to observe patterns of early embryonic development, during which ectodermal cells diverge toward their fates as skin, organs and the nervous system.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Evidence of behavioral, biological similarities between compulsive overeating and addiction
(Boston University School of Medicine) Does yo-yo dieting drive compulsive eating? There may be a connection. According to Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) researchers the chronic cyclic pattern of overeating followed by undereating, reduces the brain's ability to feel reward and may drive compulsive eating. This finding suggests that future research into treatment of compulsive eating behavior should focus on rebalancing the mesolimbic dopamine system--the part of the brain responsible for feeling reward or pleasure.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Fertiliser scheme could solve Mexico's seaweed problem
(University of Exeter) Mexico's tourist beaches could be cleared of rotting seaweed by a new scheme to turn it into fertilizer and fuel.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Adults with undiagnosed Celiac disease have lower bone density, says first study on topic
(George Mason University) Research by George Mason University College of Health and Human Services found lower bone density in adults who are likely to have undiagnosed celiac disease, an autoimmune disease triggered by consuming gluten, despite this group consuming more calcium and phosphorous than the control group.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Bad break-ups may not trigger weight gain from emotional eating
(Penn State) That pint of ice cream after a nasty breakup may not do as much damage as you think. Despite the emotional turmoil, people on average do not report gaining weight after a relationship dissolution, according to new research.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Wistar awarded $12.5M grant for improved melanoma targeted therapies
(The Wistar Institute) Wistar and collaborating institutions have received a major grant from the National Institutes of Health to further research on new melanoma targeted therapies integrating the role of the tumor microenvironment in influencing response to therapy and development of resistance.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
Deet gives humans an 'invisibilty cloak' to fend off mosquito bites
(Johns Hopkins Medicine) Since its invention during the Second World War for soldiers stationed in countries where malaria transmission rates were high, researchers have worked to pinpoint precisely how DEET actually affects mosquitos.

10/17/2019 12:00 AM
MD Anderson and Varian partner to optimize radiation oncology treatment
(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Varian today announced a new strategic collaboration to develop an integrated software platform to streamline review of radiation oncology treatment plans.

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