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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

11/14/2019 12:00 AM
Inoculating against the spread of viral misinformation
(University of Maryland) In the first study of public health-related Facebook advertising, newly published in the journal Vaccine, researchers at the University of Maryland, the George Washington University and Johns Hopkins University show that a small group of anti-vaccine ad buyers has successfully leveraged Facebook to reach targeted audiences and that the social media platform's efforts to improve transparency have actually led to the removal of ads promoting vaccination and communicating scientific findings.

11/14/2019 12:00 AM
FDA awards $1.7 million to IU and other universities for quality management research
(Indiana University) The US Food and Drug Administration has awarded $1.7 million to five universities, including Indiana University, for a wide-ranging research project designed to help the agency better understand how to employ its quality management resources when inspecting drug companies' manufacturing operations, thus benefiting consumers.

11/14/2019 12:00 AM
Singapore-led global diabetes study showcased at prestigious kidney research forum
(Duke-NUS Medical School) World's foremost society of kidney specialists highlights Singapore-led DYNAMO study that aims to improve understanding of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) complications and reduce DKD prevalence in Singapore by 30% over 5 years. Study is led by Duke-NUS Medical School Dean, Prof. Thomas Coffman.

11/14/2019 12:00 AM
Unhealthy habits can start young: Infants, toddlers, and added sugars
(Elsevier) A new study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, published by Elsevier, found that nearly two-thirds of infants (61%) and almost all toddlers (98%) consumed added sugars in their average daily diets, primarily in the form of flavored yogurts (infants) and fruit drinks (toddlers). Infants were 6-11 months, and toddlers were 12-23 months.

11/14/2019 12:00 AM
Parents want mental health support to reduce stress of children's hospitalizations
(Nemours) Parents of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) want individualized, formal psychosocial support during their children's in-hospital stays, according to a new study published in the Journal of Pediatrics. The study by researchers from Nemours Children's Health System outlines ways to optimize mental health for parents and mitigate the impact of stress on long-term outcomes for children and families.

11/14/2019 12:00 AM
Women most affected by vascular complications of diabetes
(European Society of Cardiology) Women are most affected by the vascular complications of diabetes -- a situation likely to escalate in the coming decades, reports a paper published on World Diabetes Day in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
High rates of vaccine-preventable infections in pediatric transplant patients
(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) University of Colorado researchers have found lower vaccination rates among children who receive liver transplants, increasing the risk of sickness for those children, who already face significant health issues. The findings are discussed in a 'Research Letter' included in the November 12, 2019 issue of JAMA and also call attention to data that CU School of Medicine faculty members published earlier this year in JAMA Pediatrics.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Inhaled immunosuppressant may increase survival, pulmonary function after lung transplant
(University of Maryland Medical Center) University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers found that lung transplant recipients who had early signs of organ rejection could increase their chances of survival by inhaling a liposomal form of the immunosuppression drug cyclosporine through an investigational nebulizer. This is the first randomized, controlled study to demonstrate increased survival and improved lung function with this drug-device combination.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Regular use of prescription drugs for pain and sleep increases frailty risk by 95 percent
(Oregon Research Institute) Regular use of prescription drugs for pain and sleep increases frailty risk by 95 percent among older adults. The possible implications of these research findings are especially serious given that it is common for older Americans to use two or more prescription drugs at the same time and many of these prescription drugs are for pain and sleep, including analgesics and sedatives.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
How giant kelp may respond to climate change
(University of California - Davis) Like someone from Minnesota being dropped into an Arizona heat wave, giant kelp living in cooler, high-latitude waters were more vulnerable to excessive heat than kelp already living in warmer, Southern California waters, according to a study of Chilean and Californian kelp.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Yale study finds 'hyperhotspots' that could predict skin cancer risk
(Yale University) New research by Yale University scientists reports the discovery of 'hyperhotspots' in the human genome, locations that are up to 170-times more sensitive to ultraviolet radiation (UV) from sunlight compared to the genome average.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
NJIT biomedical engineer Tara Alvarez is a fellow of the American Academy of Optometry
(New Jersey Institute of Technology) Tara Alvarez, a professor of biomedical engineering who studies the links between visual disorders and the brain and develops novel devices to identify and treat them, has been named a fellow of the American Academy of Optometry (AAO).

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Study: After trade deal, unhealthy foods flowed into Central America, Dominican Republic
(University at Buffalo) The study analyzes the availability of non-nutritious food in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic in the years after the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) was signed between those countries and the US, going into effect in 2006.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Study led by Tulane researchers outlines America's losing battle to lose weight
(Tulane University) It comes as no surprise that Americans struggle with weight loss, but a new study led by researchers at Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine reveals the extent to which many people try, and fail, to shed extra pounds.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Early ID of prenatal exposure to opioids, gabapentin improves timely treatment of newborns
(Marshall University Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine ) Timely identification of newborns exposed to both opioids and gabapentin during pregnancy could mean more appropriate care for newborns experiencing withdrawal.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Diet trials often amend their outcome measures as they go
(Boston Children's Hospital) A study published today in JAMA Network Open concludes that 86 percent of diet trials amended their desired study outcomes along the way. That raises the possibility of bias, say researchers David Ludwig, MD, PhD and Cara Ebbeling, PhD, of Boston Children's Hospital, and Steven Heymsfield, MD, of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center (Baton Rouge, Louisiana).

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Children's National receives $6 million for global polycystic kidney disease initiative
(Children's National Hospital) Lisa M. Guay-Woodford, MD, McGehee Joyce Professor of Pediatrics at Children's National Hospital, has received a $5.7 million dollar gift to support clinical and research activities. Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder characterized by clusters of fluid-filled sacs (cysts) multiplying and interfering with the kidneys' ability to filter waste from the blood. The kidneys' smooth surface transforms to a bumpy texture as the essential organs grow oversized and riddled with cysts.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Artificial intelligence tool predicts life expectancy in heart failure patients
(University of California - San Diego) Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, as well as a diverse team of cardiologists and physicists, developed a machine learning algorithm to predict the life expectancy in heart failure patients.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Mechanical signaling cascade central to fibrotic scar tissue development defined
(Cleveland Clinic) In a new study published in Science Signaling, Cleveland Clinic researchers have identified a novel target for new therapies that may help to treat or prevent a host of fibrotic conditions, which contribute to nearly half of overall mortality in the United States.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Early spinal patterns may predict scoliosis in teen years
(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) A pediatric researcher has identified patterns of spinal curvature in younger children that may be likely to develop into scoliosis by adolescence. Accurately predicting scoliosis, a common, abnormal curvature of the spine, may set the stage for the first-ever methods to prevent the potentially disabling condition.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Firefighters can ease one another's job stress, but loving spouses may increase it
(Baylor University) Strong same-sex friendships among male firefighters can help cut down on their stress -- but loving relationships with their wives may increase anxiety for those who constantly face danger, according to a Baylor University study.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Mayo Clinic study finds differences in how men and women perceive their own health
(Mayo Clinic) A Mayo Clinic study published in the American Journal of Health Behavior investigates differences in how men and women perceive their own health. The study finds that confidence in maintaining good health habits can be influenced by gender.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Improving trauma pain outcomes
(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) A 7-year prospective cohort study from the Corporal Michael J. Crescenz VA Medical Center (CMCVAMC), University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing (Penn Nursing), and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania examined the relationship between regional anesthesia (RA) administration and patient-reported pain-related outcomes among Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom service members sustaining a combat-related extremity injury.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Discovery: New biomarker for cancer stem cells
(University of Houston) A University of Houston College of Pharmacy associate professor has discovered a new biomarker in cancer stem cells that govern cancer survival and spread, and it's raising hope that drug discovery to kill cancer stem cells could follow suit.

11/13/2019 12:00 AM
Precisely poking cells en masse to cure cancer
(University of California - Riverside) A novel microfluidic device addresses one of the most costly steps in the engineered cell therapy manufacturing process, namely gene delivery. Deterministic mechanoporation, or DMP, uses fluid flow to pull each cell in a large population onto its own tiny needle. The flow is then reversed to release the cells from the needles, leaving a singular and precisely defined pore within each cell that allows for gene delivery. Eliminating viral vectors can substantially reduce cost.

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