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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
UTMB team proves potential for reducing pre-term birth by treating fetus as patient
(University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston) The results of a study by researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch may pave the way for a new medicine delivery system that could reduce the incidence of pre-term labor and premature birth by allowing physicians to treat the 'fetus as the patient'. The study has been published in Science Advances.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
COVID-19 news from Annals of Internal Medicine
(American College of Physicians) At least 1 in 3 COVID-19 cases asymptomatic

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Join best-selling author James Nestor on 'breath' and sinus health
(Green Room Communications) ARS just launched a new resource, SinusHealth.com, the first patient-focused online resource dedicated to nasal and sinus conditions and their treatments powered by the experts at the American Rhinologic Society. It aims to provide accurate, timely, trusted education for patients and caregivers seeking information to improve their rhinologic health. James Nestor will discuss his book Breath: The New Science of a Lost Art The webinar will include a participant Q&A session with Mr. Nestor and ARS otolaryngologists.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
NSAIDs might exacerbate or suppress COVID-19 depending on timing, mouse study suggests
(American Society for Microbiology) New research shows that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduced both antibody and inflammatory responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection in mice. The study appears this week in the Journal of Virology, a publication of the American Society for Microbiology.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
University of Cincinnati research unveils possible new combo therapy for head and neck cancer
(University of Cincinnati) Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have tested a new combination therapy in animal models to see if they could find a way to make an already effective treatment even better. Since they're using a Food and Drug Administration-approved drug to do it, this could help people sooner than later.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Corning Life Sciences to share suite of 3D cell culture technologies at SLAS2021
(Spectrum Science) Corning Incorporated will highlight its latest technologies that support the advancement of 3D cell culture, automation, and drug discovery at this year's virtual Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening (SLAS) conference on Jan. 25 through 27. Now more than ever, tools used to facilitate scale-up, reproducibility, and consistency of 3D cell culture are helping enable critical research needed to solve the industry's most pressing problems.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
NIH-funded study examines mono, chronic fatigue syndrome in college students
(Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago) Many college students fully recover from infectious mononucleosis (which is almost always caused by Epstein-Barr virus) within 1-6 weeks, but some go on to develop chronic fatigue syndrome, also called myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME/CFS). A longitudinal study from DePaul University and Northwestern University followed 4,501 college students to examine risk factors that may trigger longer illness.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
New maintenance treatment for acute myeloid leukemia prolongs the lives of patients
(Weill Cornell Medicine) Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the most common form of acute leukemia in adults, that has gone into remission following initial chemotherapy remain in remission longer and have improved overall survival when they are given a pill form of the cancer drug azacitidine as a maintenance treatment, according to a randomized, international phase 3 clinical trial for which Weill Cornell Medicine and NewYork-Presbyterian are trial sites.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Massey researchers review geographic factors that affect HPV vaccination rates
(Virginia Commonwealth University) A team of researchers from VCU Massey Cancer Center conducted the first-ever systematic review of area-level data reported in the United States between 2006 and 2020 to determine how geography, neighborhoods and sociodemographic factors impact HPV vaccination rates among adolescents and young adults. The study was published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Dramatic changes to radiotherapy treatments due to COVID-19
(University of Leeds) Dramatic changes were seen in the delivery of radiotherapy treatments for cancer during the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic in England. Much shorter radiotherapy courses were delivered, treatments were delayed where it was safe to do so and some increases were seen in order to compensate for reduced surgical capacity. Experts believe the changes reflect an impressive adaption of services by the NHS, and that the overall impact on cancer outcomes is likely to be modest.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Lack of sleep, stress can lead to symptoms resembling concussion
(Ohio State University) A new study suggests that a lot of people might be going through life with symptoms that resemble concussion - a finding supporting researchers' argument that athletes recovering from a brain injury should be assessed and treated on a highly individualized basis.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Consenting for treatment in advance to reduce leaving the hospital against medical advice among patients with addiction - Experts debate pros and cons
(Wolters Kluwer Health) Patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) being treated for serious medical conditions are more likely to leave the hospital against medical advice (AMA) than those without addiction. A special type of contract with healthcare providers might enable patients to consent in advance to life-saving medical care - even if they later refuse treatment, according to a commentary in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
New perspectives challenge the idea that saturated fats cause heart disease
(The University of Bergen) Why do saturated fats increase blood cholesterol, and why should this be dangerous? After all, saturated fats occur naturally in a wide variety of foods, including breast milk.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
University of Cincinnati student uses zebrafish to study spinal deformities
(University of Cincinnati) Oriana Zinani, a doctoral student in molecular developmental biology at the University of Cincinnati, is part of a team of researchers using zebrafish embryos to study a gene mutation that causes scoliosis, a sideways curvature of the spine that typically occurs in humans just before puberty.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Novel target identified that could improve safety of therapy for pancreatic cancer
(Queen Mary University of London) Researchers from Queen Mary University of London, have identified a protein that may represent a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Using this protein as a target, the team successfully created a CAR T cell therapy - a type of immunotherapy - that killed pancreatic cancer cells in a pre-clinical model.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Addressing the impact of structural racism on disparities in children with Type 1 diabetes
(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) Advancements in diabetes technology have improved quality of life and glycemic control in children with type 1 diabetes. However, data show that a subset of children is being left behind. Those from low-income families and non-Hispanic Black (NHB) children are not experiencing benefits associated with technological advances, and are at higher risk for diabetes complications and adverse outcomes through ongoing poor glycemic control.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
NCCN shares new guidance principles for vaccinating people with cancer against COVID-19
(National Comprehensive Cancer Network) The National Comprehensive Cancer Network put out new guidance for COVID-19 vaccinations in people with cancer, based on available evidence plus consensus from top hematology and oncology experts with particular expertise in infectious diseases, vaccine development and delivery, and medical ethics.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Chimpanzee friends fight together to battle rivals
(Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology) Humans cooperate with each other in large groups to defend territories or wage war. But what underlies the evolution of this kind of cooperation? Researchers at the Max PIanck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and Harvard University show that there may be a link between social bonds and participation in large-scale cooperation: Chimpanzees join their close bond partners when fighting rivals. In humans, too, social bonds may have been essential to the evolution of cooperative abilities.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Wu & Hakami investigating COVID-19 therapies
(George Mason University) Yuntao Wu, Professor, Molecular and Microbiology, and Ramin Hakami, Associate Professor, School of Systems Biology, are conducting studies of COVID-19 therapies.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Investigating new treatment for schizophrenia as first Psychiatry Consortium funded project announce
(Earlham Institute) A partnership between the University of Oxford, Earlham Institute (EI), and global pharmaceutical companies Biogen Inc and Boehringer Ingelheim will investigate a promising new drug target for the treatment of schizophrenia.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Potential combined drug therapy for lung cancer
(Kanazawa University) Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Clinical Cancer Research that in the most common type of lung cancer, certain secondary mutations occurring with another gene alteration known as ALK make the efficacy of alectinib, an otherwise commonly used drug for treating lung cancer, become unfavorable. Combining alectinib with another kind of drug can overcome this adverse effect, however.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Patients of Asian and black backgrounds more likely to die from COVID, large study reveals
(Queen Mary University of London) Patients of Asian and black backgrounds suffered disproportionate rates of premature death from COVID-19, according to a study of 1,737 patients by Queen Mary University of London and Barts Health NHS Trust.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
CT identifies patients with high-risk nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
(American Roentgen Ray Society) According to ARRS' American Journal of Roentgenology, Fibrosis-4 and multiple CT findings can identify patients with high-risk nonalcoholic fatty liver disease--advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, that is--though the presence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis remains elusive on CT.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Research shows preference for male children is declining in Bangladesh
(University of Kent) Research from the University of Kent has demonstrated a decline in 'son preference' by women of childbearing age in Bangladesh. However, the study also shows that fertility decisions are still influenced according to son preference.

01/22/2021 12:00 AM
Cardiovascular diseases: New computer model improves therapy
(Graz University of Technology) Using mathematical image processing, scientists at the BioTechMed-Graz research cooperation have found a way to create digital twins from human hearts. The method opens up completely new possibilities in clinical diagnostics.

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